Australian Sugarcane industry - corporate video ..


Sugar Export industry provides sustainable and handling solutions for bulk sugar terminal in Cairn. Townsville. Mackay
and Bundaberg. The terminals have excess of 4 Million tonnes of bulk Sugar. The minority of the export terminal has a
capacity of 2.4 million tonnes of storage used for bulk Sugar. The Queensland sugar industry generates over $ 1.7 billion dollars
in Export earnings emplying over 16,000 people.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Australia has 24 Raw Sugar Mills and until 2006 all raw sugar produced in Qld was acquired by Qld sugar limited QSL which markets
sugar for export and domestic market.
The crushing season generally last 22 weeks which operates 24 HR 7 day week?
Qld Sugar mills is equipped to crush sugar cane at a rate of more than 500 tonnes per hour crushes about 1.45 million tonnes of cane
per season.   Australia has some of the most efficient and technologically advanced sugar mills in the world. Exporting machinery
mill technology to other producing countries.

In Australia the sugar miller is mostly responsible for transport of sugarcane.  This is mainly achieved through a substantial cane railway

network and rolling stock.  Australian mills operate over 4,000km of narrow-gauge railway and almost 95% of the cane crop is transported
to sugar mills using railways.  There are however some mills that use only road transport and most mills use a combination of a small
amount of road and a large amount of rail transport.
After harvesting, cane is transported to the mill where it is weighed and processed at automated cane receiving stations.  At this time

the producer of the cane and the weight is recorded.  
The cane billets are tipped onto a cane carrier and transported to a shredder.  The shredder reduces and shreds the cane into fibrous

material and ruptures the juice cells.
Pairs of rollers feed the cane through a series of mills.  Each mill consists of three large rollers arranged in a triangular formation,

normally coupled with pressure feeders.  This process separates the sugar juice from the fibrous material, called bagasse. 
The sugar juice is pumped away for processing into raw sugar and the bagasse is recycled as a fuel for the mill boiler furnaces.
Juice extracted from the crushing mills contains impurities which are removed by adding lime and heating the limed juice.  The lime

neutralises acids and precipitates impurities which "settle out" in large specially designed vessels called clarifiers.  The clear sugar juice
is run off from the top of each clarifier.
Muddy juice extracted from the bottom of the clarifiers is mixed with fine bagasse and then filtered using cylindrical rotating vacuum

filters to recover the sugar.  The mud and bagasse mix (filter mud) extracted by the filters is used as a soil treatment on cane farms. 
This recycles much of the phosphorous taken up from the soil by the cane plant.
The clear juice from the clarifiers is concentrated by boiling it under vacuum in a series of connected vessels called effets or evaporators. 

The concentrated juice is called syrup.
The syrup (about 65-70 percent sugar) is concentrated by boiling in a vacuum pan and is seeded with small sugar crystals in a process
called crystallisation.

Cane railways in the Sugar Industry
Sugar mills that have cane railways are located in a 1530 km coastal strip from Childers in the south to Mossman in the north.  
The purpose of the railway systems is to transport freshly harvested cane to the sugar mill for processing as soon as possible, generally

within 6 -14 hours and definitely within 24 hours. The operation goes on 24 hours a day and in most cases 7 days a week during the
crushing season.  
Two mills also transport raw sugar by private railway to the local port.
 The investment by the sugar industry in cane railway networks is significant. There are in excess of 4,000 kilometres of track, of which

about 3,000 kilometres is main line, transporting up to 32 million tonnes of sugar cane each season. There are about 250 diesel hydraulic
locomotives in use and about 52,000 cane "bins", both four-wheel and bogie, are used to transport the chopped cane during the crushing
season of up to 26 weeks. These vary in capacity from 4 tonnes to 14 tonnes. Locomotives of up to 520 kilowatts of power are in use,
with numbers of them converted to 610 mm (2ft) gauge from 1067 mm (3ft 6 in) and even standard gauge.
The furthest run to a mill is 119 km and the average distance hauled ranges from 13 kms up to 35 kms. Trains can run at 40 km/h and can

be up to 2000 tonnes in weight and one kilometre in length.
Where adjoining mills operate under common ownership, the rail systems are connected, not just for ease of locomotive and rolling

stock transfer, but more importantly for cane transfer to smooth out supply, particularly in the case of mill or rail breakdowns.
The cane railway track network (610 mm gauge) and all rolling stock is owned, operated, upgraded and maintained by sugar mill owners.

This substantial infrastructure system operates without public funding support.
The cane railway networks are dedicated, mill-owned transport systems which ensure that considerable tonnages of cane are not
transported on Queensland’s road systems.
Mill-owned cane railway systems make a significant indirect contribution to state infrastructure by transporting up to 30 million

tonnes of cane each year over a five to six month period through corridors other than roads.
In the 2016 crushing season, approximately 32.2 million tonnes or 94 per cent of cane harvested in Queensland was transported

directly to raw sugar mills on these mill owned cane railways.


Select Concepts Trading Australia to become a trusted export company in Australia and supporting the Agriculture Industry here in Australia and     create supply chain of commodities to Asia


To position our Company as a trusted and reliable export business in the    export of  Australian Agriculture Products to Asia that  helps the Australian Farmers and the Economy at the  same time  assisting in  developing       markets in Asia where there is a shortage of commodities such as Beef and Lamb.     



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